Hair Loss – Symptoms, Types, Causes and Treatment

Hair may simply thin as a result of predetermined genetic factors and the overall aging process. Dermatologists or expert hair surgeon are specialize in problems of skin, hair, and nails and may provide more advanced diagnosis and Best hair transplant in chandigarh If you need a permanent solution for your hair loss problem consult our Best Hair Transplant in Shimla with a completely managed meeting process. We follow a superlative healthcare manner while providing treatment to the patients who travel right away from other countries. Our rigorous way to examine condition of hair loss is different & unique according to other healthcare procedures.

  • It’s very common condition and affects most people at some time in their lives.
  • Hair loss is seen in both men and women but is more dramatic in men.
  • Thyroid disease, anemia, protein deficiency, chemotherapy, and low vitamin levels may cause hair loss.

There are number of ways to categorize hair loss. An expert Hair Surgeon has suggested to first examining the scalp to determine if the hair loss is due to the physical destruction and loss of hair follicles. If the scalp appears perfectly normal with plenty of empty hair follicles, this is called non-scarring hair loss.

On the other hand, the follicles are permanently destroyed in scarring hair loss. Non-scarring hair loss can also be seen in situations where there is physical or chemical damage to the hair shaft resulting in breakage. Occasionally, it may be necessary to do a biopsy of the scalp to distinguish these conditions. Hair Surgeon may pull a hair to examine the appearance of the hair shaft as well as the percentage of growing hairs.

Symptoms of Hair Loss:-

There are several indications that you might notice, which could actually be leading to severe loss of hair. Some of them include:

  • The most common symptom is the gradual thinning of hair, especially near the temples and the forehead.
  • Many men are able to notice a bald patch appearing on the crown of their head.
  • When someone has undergone a physical or mental trauma, hair could fall out in bunches, especially while washing or combing.
  • If there is ringworm, there could be scaly patches and this could also lead to hair loss.
    In treatments such as chemotherapy, there can be full body hair loss.

Diagnosis Hair Loss :-

Hair Surgeon will recommend a complete diagnosis to examine the condition of patient  with the help of following procedures.

Blood test. This may help uncover medical conditions related to hair loss.

Hair Pull test. Dermatologist will gently pull several dozen hairs to see how many come out. This helps determine the stage of the shedding process.

Scalp biopsy. Hair Surgeon will scrapes samples from the skin or from a few hairs plucked from the scalp to examine the hair roots. This can help determine whether an infection is causing hair loss.

Types of Hair Loss :- 

Alopecia areata (AA) is a common form of hair loss. It is believed to be an autoimmune condition where circular bald patches appear on the scalp and other hair-bearing areas. The hair loss may occur spontaneously, and the hair may regrow if the inflammation subsides.

Alopecia areata (AA)
Alopecia areata (AA)

 

Trichotillomania- A medical disorder that causes people to pull out their own hair is called trichotillomania. Often a person feels compelled to pull out hairs on their scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, or other hairs on the body. 

Trichotillomania
Trichotillomania

Tinea Capitis (Fungal Infection) – Tinea capitis, or ringworm of the scalp, is a fungal infection that tends to attack hair shafts and follicles leading to hair loss. It appears as bald spots with black dots where the hair has broken off. It most commonly affects children, but can affect adults as well. Treatment usually includes antifungal antibiotics.

Tinea Capitis (Fungal Infection)
Tinea Capitis (Fungal Infection)

Telogen Effluvium – Telogen effluvium (TE) is a thinning of the hair on the scalp, not necessarily evenly. Hair growth involves several phases. Hair grows for a few years, rests (the telogen phase), sheds, and then regrows. When hair roots prematurely reach the resting phase, this is called telogen effluvium.

Telogen Effluvium
Telogen Effluvium

Male Pattern Baldness :- Some men may start to notice thinning hair as early as their 20s, and by age 50, 50% of men see some hair loss. Hair is usually lost in a pattern, starting at the temples, revealing the classic “M” shaped hairline seen as men age.

Causes of Hair Loss :-

Hair loss is often caused by genetics, that is, it runs in families. In general it is not a symptom of disease, however, thyroid disease, anemia, ring worm of the scalp, and anorexia can cause hair loss.

  • Heredity can also affect the manner in which you lose your hair, at what age the hair loss starts and the rate at which the hair loss takes place.
  • When the hormones in your body are not in a steady state, there could be a change in your hair follicles too, which could lead to loss of hair. 
  • Treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy are also known to lead to hair loss.
  • If you have scalp infections such as ringworms, then too you could notice more hair on your comb, as opposed to your head.

In addition, some medications such as cancer chemotherapy may cause temporary hair loss. Hair growth usually returns to normal when the medications are stopped. In some cases, hormones after giving birth or during menopause can cause thinning hair.

Facts about Hair Loss :- 

  • Genes for baldness can come from either parent.
  • Wearing hats strains doesn’t causes hair loss.Unless your hat is so tight it cuts off circulation to hair follicles, it will not cause hair loss.
  • Use of a blow dryer does not cause hair to fall out. However, frequent over-use of a hot dryer can cause hair to become brittle, damaged, and break, which may cause hair to appear thinner.
  • Washing hair too frequently or using certain styling products can cause hair to fall out. Do not use hair products unless a hair surgeon has prescribed you.
  • Massaging the scalp will help hair regrow by stimulating circulation around the follicles. but It may make you feel good, but no studies have shown scalp massage helps regrow hair.

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